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These lay the foundations for children’s success in all other areas of learning and of life:

Personal, Social and Emotional Development (including making relationships, self-confidence & self-awareness and managing feelings & behaviour): This area focuses on children learning to work, play, build relationships, co-operate with others and function as a group beyond the family. Aspects of PSED are constantly promoted right across the curriculum as well as in specific activities, such as circle time and discussions promoting a positive sense of themselves.

Physical Development (including moving & handling and health & self-care): Children develop physical control, mobility, awareness of space and fine and gross manipulative skills both inside and outside. Dance, gymnastics and small game apparatus are all used in the curriculum. Fine motor skills are developed to enhance the progression of writing including tracing, colouring, painting, cutting, threading, dough, clay and many other aspects of manipulative play.

Communication and Language (including listening & attention, understanding and speaking): All children are encouraged to participate as speakers and listeners in a variety of situations and for a range of purposes and audiences, using and extending language in an imaginative way. They are taught to express their thoughts and feelings.

Listening and Attention : They listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions

• Children listen attentively in a range of situations.

• They give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.

Understanding

• Children follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.

• They answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events. Speaking

• Children express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs.

• They use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future.

• They develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

Literacy(including reading and writing): Reading and writing opportunities take place in a variety of ways, some teacher led and some child initiated. The children begin by singing, reciting nursery rhymes, rhyming games and identifying sounds through listening games. Children need secure skills in listening and hearing rhyming patterns if they are to make good progress in phonics and reading. After a brief settling in period, the children will begin learning the letter sounds and tricky words through the structured daily phonics program called ‘Letters and Sounds.’ Writing, in the form of mark-making, is encouraged from the time the children start as a way of expressing themselves and recording meaning. The development of pre-writing skills and co-ordination are supported through fun, independent and regular adult led activities whilst children can practise their developing skills during meaningful play opportunities within in the learning environment. When ready, we teach the children to form letters using the cursive style. Children read and understand simple sentences.

• They use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.

• They read some common irregular words. They demonstrate understanding when talking with others about what they have read. Children use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.

• They write some irregular common words.

• They write simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.

• Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

Mathematics (including number and shape, measure & space): This involves developing aspects of mathematical understanding through stories, songs, games, imaginative play and may other practical activities. Children learn about counting, sorting, matching, seeking patterns, making connections, recognising relationships and working with numbers, shape, space and measures. Problem solving skills are developed by real life situations, both spontaneous and planned. Children count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20.

• They place them in order.

• They say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.

• They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing. Children use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. • They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

The World

• Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.

• They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.

• They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur and talk about changes.

People and Communities

• Children talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.

• They know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things and are sensitive to this.

• They know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions. Children know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.

• They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another.

Expressive Arts and Design (including exploring & using media and materials and imagination): This area of learning and experience develops children’s imagination and ability to communicate and express ideas and feelings in creative ways both indoors and outdoors, through art, music, drama, dance and role play. Expressive arts and design activities involve designing and making by choosing and using appropriate materials and equipment to cut, join, fold and build.